In the post ‘Projection – The Only Truth’ we have shown that universe ‘out there’ is projected by the mind. This is the only truth. Let us see how this projection works? It is easy to compare this to an actual digital projector. Without being too technical, there are two major parts to any projector. One is the light source or bulb and the other is the content which must be projected. The mind also has a similar structure:
- A Bulb of Awareness
- Content which must be projected
We have discussed in many places that our inner core is Self-Awareness. This Awareness is like a bulb of Awareness. When the content in the mind comes in touch with the bulb of awareness we have experience of the world out there. Self-Awareness is the same as SatChitAnanda and this Self-Awareness has many inbuilt powers. We will discuss the following powers, as they are relevant to our discussion.
Unchanging: Awareness is unchanging. It remains the same and it will never change (no change over the 3 tenses). In something which is unchanging, time must be static, and it does not move. Time is an inherent quality within something which is not changing but this time factor is not moving. Because this time factor is not moving, only for this reason some thing is unchanging. If for whatever reason, this ‘unchanging’ starts ‘changing’, time will and must ‘pop out’ from this unchanging entity. If something is changing, it means that what is now, is no longer the same. Since the two events are not the same, the time factor comes into play to connect the two events. It is not incorrect to say that time drives the change between two events. Awareness is unchanging and the only reason it does not change is because the time factor is static.
Infinite Energy Source: Does Self-Awareness or SatChitAnanda have infinite energy? Yes, it does have infinite energy. How can we understand this? Obviously, there is no scientific proof, but we can use logic and correlate with other scientific investigations. To understand this, a good example is to see how the atomic nucleus works. In school we learned that the atomic nucleus is made up of neutrons and protons. Different elements have a different combination of neutrons and protons. Neutrons have a neutral charge, while the protons have a positive charge. We also know that positive charge must repel each other. If they are supposed to repel each other, how come they stick together within the nucleus. The answer is that there is a strong nuclear force which keeps these protons together within this nucleus. This nuclear force binds the protons together. This nuclear force is within the atomic nucleus and is always present in the nucleus. In fact, this nuclear force is the source for the atomic bomb.
This concept can be applied to keep the object and the subject together as one entity within Self-Awareness. In Self Awareness; the subject is same as the object and the object is same as the subject. Logically they must be separate. The subject is ‘in here’ and the object is ‘out there’. Can you imagine the energy required to bring the subject and object as one homogeneous entity? To force them to become one entity. To make the subject into an object and the object into a subject. It seems like an impossible task, but it does happen within Self-Awareness. It is not wrong to predict that the energy required to undertake this task is infinite. An infinite amount of energy will be required to keep the subject and object as one unit within Self Awareness. Like the nuclear force is present within the nucleus, Self-Awareness is a store house for infinite amount of energy to keep the Subject and Object as one homogeneous unit. This infinite energy stored in Self-Awareness is the source for the energy in the universe. This energy within Self-Awareness is in ‘unmanifest’ condition and is in ‘potential’ form. This energy within Self-Awareness is inactive, it is dormant, but it is present. Vedanta calls this infinite energy stored within our inner core as Maya Shakti. We will shortly see how this energy is activated and how it is used in different ways to power the projection of the universe ‘out there’.
Once the content in the individual mind encounters the Bulb of Awareness, you have magic, you have awareness of the content. This awareness is displayed in the world ‘out there’. Vidyaranya, the great sage from the 14th century in the 6th chapter of Panchadasi has compared the image ‘out there’ to a painting. If you think about it, this is a perfect analogy. Anything and everything we see out there is like a painting. In fact, the painting ‘out there’ is superior to the painting that any human being can create. See the variety, see the shades, see the beauty of nature. It is breathtaking.
Vidyaranya has analyzed the following steps needed to create any painting.
- You need a canvas for the painting. Vidyaranya talks about a piece of cloth as the canvas.
- You need some sort of starch to harden the canvas to make it painting ready.
- You make a line drawing of the sketch you want to create.
- You add color to finish the painting.
The projection of the content from the mind follows the same four steps.
Step 1: You need space – the Canvas
Step 2: Harden the Canvas with Energy
Step 3: Create the Subtle Image of the Painting
Step 4: Finish the Projection
Let us discuss each of the steps in more detail to understand how the actual projection is taking place. This discussion is rooted in science so that this does not remain abstract and philosophical.
Step 1: You need space – the Canvas
There is no denying all the ‘painting’ or ‘image’ being projected out there is in space. Space seems to be the canvas for the projection. It is the screen on which the painting is created or projected. We see space everywhere but do not have much of an understanding about the 1) fabric of space and 2) how space is created? Let us try and understand these two aspects:
Fabric of Space: You will be surprised to learn that ‘time’ is the underlying cause of space. Einstein understood this, and he called space as spacetime. When we look at space, we mostly see distances. The tree is 100 feet away, the person standing out there is 300 feet and so on. This perspective does not give a proper understanding about space. We have looked at space in terms of time. We have discussed this subject elsewhere but would like to return to this again.
If we can see a faraway star, say 5 million light years away, it will take light from that star 5 million years to reach us. Now, we see the sun, the light from the sun takes 8 min to reach us. We look at the moon; light will take 3 seconds to reach us. We look at the plane flying in the sky, at 30,000 feet; light will take about 300 milliseconds to reach us. As the distance of the object being viewed is reduced, the time taken for light to reach us or for us to see it is much smaller. So, we can see that time is the actual fabric of space. Time is the cause of space. Space is just the result, it is the effect of time. So, space is time based.
Space vs Spacetime: People use space and spacetime interchangeable. This causes confusion. Let us clarify this. When you look at space in terms of distances, it is space. However, when you look at the same space in terms of time, that space is spacetime. Space is ‘out there’ you can see it. Spacetime is not ‘out there’ it within your mind. It is a mental thing, you imagine the sun is 8 min away from you. You imagine objects are so many seconds away from you. All this imagination takes place in the mind only. Spacetime is in the mind first and then this spacetime is converted to space ‘out there’.
Pixels of Spacetime: We know an LCD monitor is made up of pixels. Pixels are picture elements which make up the surface of the monitor screen. In the same way spacetime is also made up of pixels. Since spacetime is time based, the pixels must also be time based. The starting pixel will be at t = 0, which is the start of the spacetime fabric and the value of the time pixel will increase as you move further away on the spacetime fabric. How apart are these pixels in space? Well, based on Planks Constant, the smallest division of time is 10-44 seconds. So, spacetime is not a continuous and a homogenous thing. It is made up of time-based pixels which are 10-44 seconds apart. The entire spacetime is made up of pixels which are 10-44 seconds apart. The first pixel will be at 10-44 seconds, the second pixel will be at 2 x 10-44 seconds away, the third pixel will be at 3 x 10-44 seconds away. This progression will continue till the end of the spacetime fabric.
How is Space Created? Before we discuss this, we have to take a step back and understand Self-Awareness and Ignorance. We have discussed earlier that Self-Awareness is our inner core, it is self-standing, it is non-dual in which subject is object and object is subject. We also discussed that this Self-Awareness is formless, unchanging and it has infinite energy. All these powers are within Self-Awareness. If all this is true, why don’t we know this or why don’t we experience this. The simple answer is that we are Ignorant. We are ignorant that we are non-dual, we are both the subject and object. Since we are not aware that we are both the subject and the object, this means that the subject and object are no longer one entity, but they are separate. Ignorance separates the subject and object. We then feel this duality with objects ‘out there’ and the subject ‘in here’. This ignorance may seem routine, but it has that power to separate the subject and the object. Ignorance is the only thing which can separate the subject and the object. We saw, it takes an infinite amount of energy to keep the subject and object as non-dual. Despite this, ignorance has the power to separate non-duality to duality of subject ‘in here’ and object ‘out there’. This is the power and strength of ignorance.
We saw earlier that it takes an infinite amount of energy to bind the subject and object as one homogenous non-dual entity. With the separation of subject and object, this infinite energy is now available in the cosmic mind and a limited subset of this energy in the individual minds. The ‘Unchanging’ Self-Awareness becomes the changing cosmic mind. The formless Self-Awareness becomes the cosmic mind with the potential to take an unlimited number of forms.
Due to ignorance all the powers within Self-Awareness pop out in the mind. We saw earlier that Self-Awareness is unchanging because the time factor within Self-Awareness is stationary and it does not move. Due to Ignorance, when the ‘Unchanging’ becomes ‘Changing’, the time factor is now active within the cosmic mind and the individual mind. The clock which creates time is now available within the cosmic and individual mind.
The cosmic mind has infinite energy and the clock from which time flows. The clock we are taking about is unique, this clock has the power to create or generate time. It is not easy to visualize this, but the mind has the power to create time. The individual mind has a limited amount of energy and the clock to run its own activity. The individual mind is always connected to the cosmic mind and it can draw upon the required amount of energy. So, the individual mind has the energy and the clock to generate time. This power if within each individual mind.
The energy which is available in the mind is pure energy. This energy plays different roles within the mind. It must be understood that this energy is independent of time, it is raw or pure energy which is available in the mind. Let us see what happens when a part of this energy interacts with time in the individual mind. This energy stretches out time so that every second in time is equal to 186,000 miles (speed of light). Just like a rubber band can be stretched outwards, in the same way time can be stretched outwards by this pure energy. With this stretching of time, space is created. One second of time in space becomes 186,000 miles. This is the space we see ‘out there’. This space is the canvas which is used for the projection of the painting or image. So, space is created when this pure energy stretches out time.
Science has concluded the presence of dark energy in the universe. They have also concluded that the dark energy is expanding. We know that the universe is expanding and if the universe is expanding, the space must also be expanding. This creation of space and the expansion of the universe needs energy. Science has not fully understood this but the dark energy being discussed by science is the same as the pure energy which is used to stretch time to create space.
Dark Energy (as referred by science) = Pure Energy in Mind
Science knows that the dark energy is present, but it is unable to locate it anywhere in the universe. It is just not possible to find dark energy ‘out there’. This is because the dark energy is part of the infinite pure energy and is present in the cosmic/individual mind only. It is not present in space ‘out there’. This dark energy is used to stretch time. Time is subtle, you will not find time ‘out there’. Time is a mental thing, it is present in the mind only. The stretching of time takes place in the mind only. The dark energy is part of the infinite pure energy which is present in the cosmic/individual mind. There is no denying that the consequence of stretching of the time in the mind is the creation of space out there. Space is gross and is visible ‘out there’.
The stretching of time is a personal or individual thing. Every individual mind creates their own space. How can we say that? We have discussed earlier that according to the Einstein theory of relativity, there is a connection between motion and time. If you are stationary and start walking or running, the time clock in your mind slows down. Since your time has slowed down and when this interacts with energy, this energy will stretch your time to create space which is 186,000 miles. But the size of this space will be more compressed then the space when you were stationary. So, every time there is motion (or change of speed of motion) the pace of ticking of time in the clock changes and this in turn changes the size of space. What remains constant is that the size of the space is still 186,000 miles for every second of time. This means, depending upon the level of motion each living being in this universe will create their own space.
Size of Space: Logically space starts with you and ends with the outer edge of the universe, which is 13.7 billion light years away. This may be true, but do we even see the outer edge of the universe. We are sitting inside our house; space will end at the walls. You cannot see beyond the wall, so space must end there. If you go out for a walk, you may see things which are a few hundred meters away, so your space will be a few hundred meters. In the night, when you look at the sky, you will see many stars and your space will cover a long distance. The space will be limited by what you are seeing. We can theoretically say that space covers the full universe right up to the edge of the universe, but space is limited to what you are seeing right now. The size of space will keep varying depending upon what you are seeing.
Step 2: Harden the Canvas with Energy
Like starch is used to harden the canvas made up of cloth, energy is used to harden every part of the spacetime fabric. We saw pure energy was released with the separation of the subject and object from Self-Awareness. We just saw that some of this energy was used to stretch time to create space. Another portion of this energy combines with the time pixels to create electromagnetic (EM) waves. How does this happen? We saw earlier that spacetime fabric is made up of time-based pixels which are 10-44 seconds apart. This pure energy combines with each time-based pixel in the spacetime fabric to give time-based energy to the pixels. What is time-based energy? Time based energy is nothing but the source of the electromagnetic waves. The moment energy combines with time you get frequencies and wavelengths. In school we learned that EM energy is made up of waves. Frequency and wavelengths are the two key components of the EM wave. Also, frequency is directly related to time.
f (frequency) x w (wavelength) = c (speed of light)
f (frequency) = 1/t (time)
A wide range of frequencies and wavelengths make up the spectrum of the EM energy. The known spectrum starts from Radio waves (300 Khz) to Gamma rays (3 x 1021) Hz. Each time pixels in the spacetime fabric oscillates in such a manner that it is a combination of all the possible frequencies in the EM spectrum. Each pixel is the source for the complete range of EM frequencies. Since time pixel is available in every part of the spacetime fabric. This means the spectrum of energy also covers the entire spacetime fabric. This EM energy provides the coating for spacetime fabric.
There is a misunderstanding, people think that the space out there is made up of vacuum. That maybe true because there is a lack of particles like hydrogen and other elements. If there are no particles, it does not mean that there is no EM energy. Since each time-based pixel is powered by energy, this EM energy is available at every part of the spacetime fabric. Where ever there are time pixels, this energy is available.
Science has also discovered this, they call this the vacuum energy. It is active and bubbling under the surface of the spacetime fabric. In our discussion, I do not want to leave the impression that the EM energy is something out there. Space is out there, but energy and time is not out there, it is within the mind only. The time-based pixels are not out there but within the mind. Both the time and energy are subtle, it just cannot exist out there. Everything out there is gross, there is no place for subtle elements ‘out there’. The vacuum energy is bubbling in the mind, but it is directly connected to the space out there. A good way to understand this is to compare it with holograms we have seen in movies. The energy source for the holograms is within the projector, but the space is created out there. This is the type of relationship time and energy in the mind has with the space out there. Mind is the projector for the space out there and time and energy is within the mind.
Step 3: Create the Subtle Image of the Painting
The line drawing of the painting must come first. In the same way, the subtle image of the painting is created in the mind first. Everything subtle must happen in the mind only. Let us see how this work? We saw earlier that due to Ignorance, there is a separation of object and subject in the non-dual Self Awareness. This separation creates the following 4 components which make up the individual mind.
- Manas (the home of the objects)
- Buddhi (the home of Intelligence)
- Sakshi (the home of the Subject)
- Ahamkara (the home of the self/ego)
The cosmic map which we discussed earlier presents itself in the manas. Please note we are talking about the software code of the cosmic map and not the actual maps like we see on the smartphones. If you are in your home, the software code for that part of the cosmic map will show up in your mind. If you are walking outdoors, the objects around you will be present in the cosmic map and be available in the manas. The manas has no intelligence, it does not know what these objects are. It must be understood that these objects are made up of waveforms and these waveforms are covered by ignorance. Manas passes on this waveform covered with ignorance to the Buddhi for help and decoding. The Buddhi is intelligence, it knows. It has this power of knowing everything. With this power, it removes the layer of ignorance from the waveform to reveal or know the objects. Once this is done, the waveform is no longer covered by ignorance, the intelligence of the Buddhi is superimposed on the revealed waveform. The waveform is now made up of intelligence. Intelligence is the ingredient or substratum of the waveform. Vedanta calls these intelligent waveforms as Vrittis or mental waves. These are intelligent mental waves and it knows what form it must take. They know what they are and do not need any further assistance.
Any scene usually is a total of many individual objects. Each object has its own metal wave or vritti. They superimpose on each other and form a complex vritti representing the scene. Each individual object waveform (or vritti) is made up of intelligence. Since these are mental waves, they must have energy to exist. Without energy, the mental waves cannot function. Each vritti representing an object has a unique energy profile. The total of the individual objects will have a complex energy profile representing the scene.
Placement of Objects on Spacetime: The mental waves made up of intelligence must now be placed appropriately on the spacetime fabric. We have seen earlier that the spacetime fabric is made up of time. Time is subtle and is a mental event. The spacetime fabric is also a mental event. Space is gross and is out there but the spacetime fabric is subtle. The observer within you is the starting point for space. The mental wave in the Buddhi represents the cosmic map which is being viewed in the mind. Objects closer to you in the cosmic map will be placed closer on the spacetime fabric. Objects which are further away in the cosmic map will be placed further away on the spacetime fabric. In this way, all the objects will be placed appropriately on the spacetime fabric.
Another important issue is that the correct version of the object must be used while placing the object on the spacetime fabric. Light takes some time to reach us, so the objects are always dated and are never the ‘now’ version. It is always the dated version. If the object is 0.1 µs away from you, that version of the object must be used. If a tree next to this object is 0.15 µs away, then that version of the tree must be used. There is no denying this is a very complex process of choosing the correct version of the object to be placed at the right location on the spacetime fabric. I guess, the cosmic map is pre-programmed to consider all these complicated issues. All these issues are taken care of in the software of the cosmic map.
Energy and Spacetime: We have just seen that all the objects which are made up of mental waves are placed appropriately on the spacetime fabric. These mental waves are energy waves with intelligence as their ingredient. How do these mental waves interact with the spacetime? Einstein has already answered this question. In his theory of General Relativity, Einstein concluded that when energy or mass is placed on the spacetime fabric, the spacetime fabric curves. It is exactly like a stretched rubber sheet. If you place a ball on this rubber sheet, the weight of the ball will curve the rubber sheet around it. Heavier the ball the greater the curvature. The spacetime fabric behaves in the same way in the presence of energy. The energy from the mental waves will leave an imprint (or curvature) on the spacetime fabric. Wherever there is a concentration of energy, the spacetime fabric will curve. Higher the amount of energy greater the curvature. Lesser the amount of energy smaller the curvature. Even a tiny amount of energy will leave a dent on the spacetime fabric.
This imprint on the spacetime fabric is like the line drawing we make before adding paint to a painting. We saw that the mental waves in the buddhi is made up of intelligence. This intelligence is very much a part of the imprint which is left on the spacetime fabric.
Step 4: Finish the Projection
If you look at any painting, you will notice that the painting is made up of the following two things:
The trees, people, houses or any other object you see in the painting is the form present in the painting. The paint is the only content of the painting. If you think about it carefully, nothing else is present in the painting other than the paint. There may be different colors but all these colors are still paint only. As another example, when you see a movie, we see so many characters and objects on the screen. All these are different forms in the movie. The content of these forms is nothing but light. Light with different shades and colors is the content of the movies.
We have compared the projection of the world out there with a painting. So, like the painting or the movie, everything in the world out there is made up of form + content only. Let us discuss this further.
Form: In the last section, we discussed that the intelligent mental waves or vrittis makes an imprint on the spacetime fabric. This energy curves the spacetime fabric. We saw, the spacetime fabric in the mind is made up of time pixels. Each time pixel is an outlet for the EM energy. The imprinted mental waves are made of intelligence and it knows what object/s it represents. This knowledgeable imprint of the mental wave interacts with the EM energy. What happens? It sucks out the EM energy stored in the pixels and uses that energy to become the form of the object. The mental wave knows what form it must take, it uses the EM energy and becomes that required form. This form is no longer subtle but it is gross. The gross form of the object is created by the interaction of the mental wave with the EM energy. The placement of this form in space will depend on the location of the mental wave on the spacetime fabric. If this mental wave is 0.1 µs away from the start of the spacetime fabric, this form will be located 100 feet from you in space. This is because light will take 0.1 µs to travel 100 feet. In the same way, the imprint of all the mental waves will interact with the EM energy and create gross forms and these forms will be located at appropriate distances in space.
Science has discussed this interaction between mental energy waves and EM energy. They call this the Quantum Field Theory (QFT). To put this simply, QFT states that when two energy fields interact with each other, particles are created. This is exactly what is happening over here. The mental energy wave and the EM energy are the two fields, and when they interact the gross form of the object is created.
Content: We have the form of the object, what about the content of the object? What is the content? Science tells us that the content of the objects is made up of sub-atomic particles. The next question – what are the sub-atomic particles made up of? Some people say, it is made up of strings vibrating in 11 dimensions. The next question – what are strings made up of? This can be a never-ending exercise. Also, if you study the sub-atomic particles, you will find that 99.999% is empty space. What is this empty space made up of? It is going to be difficult for science to answer this properly. So, what is the content of the object form?
If you are a student of Vedanta, the answer would be that the content is Awareness. Awareness is the ingredient of every object in the world out there. If you have an experience of objects, you must be aware of that experience. Awareness is the prerequisite of any experience. If there is no Awareness, there can be no experience. The following equation links experience with Awareness.
Experience = Awareness + Form.
We just saw that forms are created by the interaction of mental waves and EM energy. For us to experience these forms, they must be filled up with Awareness. Without Awareness, there cannot be any experience. To experience any object, Awareness must take the exact shape of the form. If the form is a circle, Awareness cannot be a rectangle. Awareness must also be a circle. Therefore, Awareness must take the exact shape of the form. Just like in the painting, the forms in the painting are filled up with paint, in the same way, all the forms ‘out there’ are filled up with Awareness.
We know Awareness is made up of the following 3 ingredients and 3 powers. The power of the known is the power within Awareness which allows Awareness to become any object. It can take up the shape of any object. We have discussed this in more detail in our post ‘Analyzing Awareness’.
Awareness = Subject + Intelligence + Object
Power of Awareness = Power of Knower + Power of Knowing + Power of Known
Going back to the functioning of the mind, we saw that the object covered with ignorance in the manas is passed on to the Buddhi – the home of the intelligence for help. The buddhi with its intelligence decodes and creates the mental wave or vrittis. This mental wave has the object + intelligence – the two ingredients of Awareness. The only thing missing is the subject to complete Awareness. When these mental waves come in the presence of the observer (the subject or sakshi), magic happens – Awareness is created. This Awareness with the power to become any object fills up all the forms.
When Awareness fills up the object form, the painting is completed. This completes the projection of the objects out there. If you think about it carefully, there is no projection. What ever you see ‘out there’ is the same as what was in the mental waves. There is no addition or subtraction in the content. The only thing that has happened is that the subtle mind has become a gross mind. The subtle content has become gross content. What you see ‘out there’ is directly related to the content of the subtle mind. So, calling it the gross mind is a good way to understand the world out there. Everything ‘out there’ is nothing but the gross mind, it is your gross mind. This way, you can feel a direct connection with the world ‘out there’ by thinking this is my mind only. You can feel the world out there is part of me and my gross mind. It is an awesome feeling.
It must be understood that the projection we have seen is that of a single frame only. A single frame by itself is static. We want to see continuous motion. To see continuous motion, science tells us that there must be at least 24 frames per second. How many frames are projected by the mind is unknown but there must be at least 25 frames per seconds. The complex process of creating space and gross forms is repeated for every frame. Each frame is different from the previous frame. The content could be different and also each object would have aged a bit between two frames.